A junior staff member may work late to meet a deadline to avoid disciplinary action from his boss. But if it's applied through favoritism, reward power can greatly demoralize employees and diminish their output.
The worksheet will tabulate your answers and give you an overall score and color code for each power source. When you trust and invest in others, they will do the same with you.
Individuals with referent power apply inspirational appeals, consultations, ingratiation, personal appeals, exchanges, and coalition tactics, but typically do not implement legitimizing or pressure tactics Hughes et al.
For others, the more power they have, the more successful they feel. Employees are also more willing to go the extra mile to reach organizational goals.
In an organization, people who wield reward power tend to influence the actions of other employees. This chief petty officer had formal authority because of his position and had the ability to control others through fear and loss.
The possibility of the loss of rank and the coinciding drop in pay grade were consistently mentioned and served as reminders of the consequences of not fulfilling ones responsibilities adequately. If this chief petty officer attempted to develop referent power or even use his expert power, my effectiveness would have increased.
For even others, power is of no interest at all.
Legitimate Power Legitimate power comes from a position of authority and increases the higher a manager rises within the organizational hierarchy.
This may be done through giving bonuses, raises, a promotion, extra time off from work, etc. We can gain referent power when others trust what we do and respect us for how we handle situations.
For example, the Project Manager who is an expert at solving particularly challenging problems to ensure a project stays on track.
Information Power is what you have if you possess knowledge that others need or want. Think about a strong leader you know; which of the above are the most effective for him? Simply rate whether you agree or disagree with each statement using a score of one to five; one is disagree, three is neutral, and five is agree.
Be careful with this one, though.
Exchanges are tactics that involve the exchange of favors Yukl et al. It is the combination of the two aspects — charisma and character — that will make you particularly influential.
Sometimes the power of an expert is perceived as so great that the expert is elevated in the minds of others, as commonly happens with doctors and attorneys.
Ingratiation is a tactic that attempts to put followers in a good mood Yukl et al. Often the position is accompanied by a formal office or title, a special patch, uniform insignia, or similar overt symbol of authority. Referent Power is the ability of the leader to influence people because of their attraction to and respect for him.
The opinions, ideas and decisions of people with expert power are held in high regard by other employees and hence greatly influence their actions. In Studies in Social Power, D. Someone who is well-liked, charismatic, and has good people skills can be very attractive to work with.The three sources of power leaders believe will be most important to leverage in the next five years are the power of relationships, the power of information, and the power to reward others.
In this post, we’ll be looking at the five different sources of power a leader can use, with opinion on when these powers should be used, and.
Possession of expert power is normally a stepping stone to other sources of power such as legitimate power. For example, a person who holds expert power can be promoted to senior management.
And part of the good news is that, as a legitimate leader, you can officially tap into two other power sources. 2. Reward Power is the ability to give something. Sources of Power The Power of Relationships be a leader without having power. For this study, the I2A team defined power simply The Role of Power in Effective Leadership POWER AND LEADERSHIP (CONTINUED) My organization empowers people at all levels.
In my organization, power is concentrated in the.
Power and Leadership: An Influence Process Fred C. Lunenburg Sam Houston State University One of the most influential theories of power comes from the work of French and Raven, who attempted to determine the sources of power leaders use to influence others. French and Raven identified five sources of power.Download