Cotton Mather, being mounted upon a Horse, addressed himself to the People, partly to declare that he [Mr. The threats of Indian attack and starvation were long gone, and only Mather and his closest followers seemed to fear divine retribution for abandoning the strict tenets of the Puritan past.
He took the bold step of inoculating his son, who almost died Cotton mather essays the procedure. Brandshave argued that Cotton mather essays position was a result of the contrarian positions of editor-in-chief James Franklin a brother of Benjamin Franklin.
He entered Harvard at age 12, having already mastered Latin and Greek. Mather then declared, in a letter to Dr John Woodward of Gresham College in London, that he planned to press Boston's doctors to adopt the practice of inoculation should smallpox reach the colony again.
With these privileges also came responsibility; the Mathers saw themselves in a position of religious and intellectual leadership. Salem Witchcraft and Cotton Mather.
He entered Harvard at age 12, having already mastered Latin and Greek. Thomas Hutchinson summarized the Return, "The two first and the last sections of this advice took away the force of all the others, and the prosecutions went on with more vigor than before.
Mather stood firmly behind the efforts to prosecute accused witches and urged the court to admit spectral evidence, the testimony of spirits who spoke through the victims of witchcraft. His ambitious year work on biblical learning was interrupted by his death.
That is to say, there should be some special business, and some settled business, wherein a Christian should for the most part spend the most of his time; and this, that so he may glorify God Mather also took an active role in political matters, most notably by agitating against the governorship of Edmund Andros.
An account of his inoculation activities earned Mather membership in the Royal Society in London, making him the first American-born person to be so honored.
As news rolled in from town to town and correspondence arrived from overseas, reports of horrific stories of suffering and loss due to smallpox stirred mass panic among the people.
According to George Bancroft, Mather had been influential in gaining the politically unpopular Stoughton his appointment as lieutenant governor under Phips through the intervention of Mather's own politically powerful father, Increase.
Boylston inoculated seven more people by mid-July. Long after the accused woman had confessed to witchcraft and been executed, Mather continued to work with the victims to insure their recovery and salvation.
Mather had attempted to show the reality of spirits bodiless, but sometimes visible supernatural beings, ghostsparticularly evil spirits, in his study Memorable Providences, Relating to Witchcrafts and Possessions … He corresponded extensively with notable scientists, such as Robert Boyle.
It took Cotton years of practice and prayer to overcome this speech problem. Cotton fought for the continuance of the old order of the ruling clergy, sometimes with frustration, sometimes in anger. The editorial stance was that the Boston populace feared that inoculation spread, rather than prevented, the disease; however, some historians, notably H.
Warren and Thomas J. In The Christian Philosopher Mather attempted to explain the connection between scripture, the teachings of God, and events in the natural world, the actions of God. Due to a reprieve by Phips, there were no further executions. Major Works Mather published more than four hundred works during his lifetime and left many other works in manuscript form.
In he married Abigail Philips; they had nine children. Historian Larry Gregg highlights Mather's cloudy thinking and confusion between sympathy for the possessed, and the boundlessness of spectral evidence when Mather stated, "the devil have sometimes represented the shapes of persons not only innocent, but also the very virtuous.
Comment about this article, ask questions, or add new information about this topic: Cotton's father, Increase Mather, was minister to the Second Church in Boston, agent of the colony to England, and nonresident president of Harvard College from to As a new wave of smallpox hit the area and continued to spread, many residents fled to outlying rural settlements.
Mather was firm and un-apologetic in his belief that Cotton mather essays existed, that they were doing the work of the Devil, and that if proven guilty preferably through their confession they should be put to death.
The seven sections tell of the settlement of New England, the lives of its governors and ministers, and the story of Harvard College and of the Congregational Church.Cotton Mather was a member of one of the most distinguished early Massachusetts families.
His well-received Essays to Do Good () urged all individuals to act for the betterment of the community. An account of his inoculation activities earned Mather membership in the Royal Society in London, making him the first American-born person to. Cotton Mather – American minister, philosopher, historian, and essayist.
Cotton Mather is one of the best known Puritans in American history. Cotton Mather Description: He was the son of Increase Mather, and grandson of both John Cotton and Richard Mather, all also prominent Puritan ministers. Cotton Mather, the minister of Boston's Old North church, was a true believer in witchcraft and played an integral role of the witchcraft trials of the late 's, and even today remains one of the strongest clerical figures of the early New England Puritan society/5(2).
Cotton Mather and the Salem Witch Trials The Salem Witch Trials of took place in the Puritan community of Salem, Massachusetts.
Cotton Mather, a clergyman in Salem, emerged throughout the course of the trials as a pillar of support and, ultimately, as a witch-hunter. Cotton Mather and the Salem Witch Trials of - Cotton Mather and the Salem Witch Trials The Salem Witch Trials of took place in the Puritan community of Salem, Massachusetts.Download